I am a Social Psychological Criminologist. Most often, I study and teach about the social psychological aspects of deviant behavior.
There are many areas to this website covering all of my academic interests and activities. This e-Portfolio is also a part of the RobVox.com Webring.
Three most recent peer-reviewed articles
A well-established body of research demonstrates a linkage between white racial attitudes and support for punitive criminal justice policy. Punitive value orientations have also been linked to support for police use of force. This study examines racial attitudes supporting increased spending on law enforcement; punitive value orientations get measured in nationally representative GSS and UCR data matched using GEO codes to control for local crime. Findings indicate that, net of a host of other factors, a punitive value orientation interacts with racial resentment to predict support for increased spending on law enforcement. Analysis also indicates that these associations strengthened between 2012 and 2014, suggesting that recent high-profile shootings and the subsequent mobilization of racial justice movements like Black Lives Matter may have further racialized support for law enforcement. Implications for further study of race and criminal justice policy get discussed with suggestions for dealing with the future of identity-based politics.
Keywords: Race, Crime, Police, Values, Identity, Politics
The rationale inspiring treatment for anti -social behavior is rooted in a sociogenic understanding of behavior. Community based mentoring programs begin with this assumption. This study addresses the theoretical debate between psychogeni c and sociogenic arguments of anti -social behavior. The psychogenic arguments defining self -control found in the general theory of crime get compared to the sociogenic assumptions of social control theory. This paper frames self - and social control as two sides of the same social psychological coin, suggesting that key value -identities represent the core of self - control. A year of panel data were gathered from 173 children participating in a community -based mentoring program. Of key interest, this study pro vides an analysis of children facing acute risk for anti -social outcomes, including a group of children impacted by parental incarceration. Results find that self -control varies along different trajectories for different children across a year of social in tervention, questioning the relative stability assumption in self -control theory. Children unimpacted by parental incarceration experience increases in self -control across a year of mentoring while children impacted by parental incarceration experience declines in self -control. Results suggest that social intervention programs serving children at - risk for intergenerational crime need to take a cue from clinical treatment models targeting criminogenic needs.
Keywords: self -control, social control, criminogenic need, social psychology, social intervention, values
This study addresses two central research questions: (1) are children with incarcerated parents (CIP) more deviant than nonimpacted peers and (2) is a regional mentoring social intervention program effective for CIP? Two sources of data were used, longitudinal data gathered from 173 children involved with a regional branch of Big Brothers Big Sisters (BBBS) and a sample of children from the Fragile Families (FF) and Child Wellbeing Study. Based on the BBBS data, results find that CIP were more deviant than nonimpacted peers. Unexpectedly, children involved with BBBS reported more deviance after a year of social intervention, compared with children from FF.
Keywords: Self, identity, social intervention, mentoring